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Primate Biol., 5, 1-5, 2018
https://doi.org/10.5194/pb-5-1-2018
© Author(s) 2018. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Short communication
11 Jan 2018
Self-anointing behaviour in captive titi monkeys (Callicebus spp.)
João Pedro Souza-Alves1, Natasha M. Albuquerque2, Luana Vinhas3, Thayane S. Cardoso4, Raone Beltrão-Mendes2, and Leandro Jerusalinsky5 1Department of Zoology, Federal University of Pernambuco, Recife, 50670-901, Brazil
2Post-graduate programme in Ecology and Conservation, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, 49100-000, Brazil
3Graduate in Biological Sciences, Catholic University of Salvador, Salvador, 41740-090, Brazil
4Graduate in Biological Sciences, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, 49100-000, Brazil
5National Centre of Research and Conservation of the Brazilian Primates, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation, João Pessoa, 58010-480, Brazil
Abstract. Self-anointing behaviour using Bauhinia sp. was reported in two captive titi monkeys (Callicebus coimbrai and Callicebus barbarabrownae). The study was carried out from October 2013 to May 2014 during an experimental study investigating the gut passage time of these individuals at the Getúlio Vargas Zoobotanical Park, north-eastern Brazil. Although leaves, petioles and flowers of Bauhinia contain chemical substances that could affect the presence of ectoparasites, it is unclear if titi monkeys demonstrate self-anointing behaviour as a method of self-medication. However, due to the presence of large glands in C. coimbrai and C. barbarabrownae chests, and the high frequency of occurrence observed for the adult male, we cautiously suggest that the use of Bauhinia may be linked to olfactory communication.

Citation: Souza-Alves, J. P., Albuquerque, N. M., Vinhas, L., Cardoso, T. S., Beltrão-Mendes, R., and Jerusalinsky, L.: Self-anointing behaviour in captive titi monkeys (Callicebus spp.), Primate Biol., 5, 1-5, https://doi.org/10.5194/pb-5-1-2018, 2018.
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These data come from the major study on gut passage with two primate species (Callicebus coimbrai and Callicebus barbarabrownae) enclosed in the Zoobotanical Park localized in the north-eastern Brazil. During the sampling period, we have decided to obtain self-anointing and laterality data. Due to the presence of large glands in C. coimbrai and C. barbarabrownae chests, we cautiously suggest that the use of Bauhinia may be linked to olfactory communication.
These data come from the major study on gut passage with two primate species (Callicebus...
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