Journal cover Journal topic
Primate Biology An international open-access journal on primate research
Primate Biol., 4, 127-130, 2017
https://doi.org/10.5194/pb-4-127-2017
© Author(s) 2017. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Short communication
26 Jun 2017
Fur-rubbing with Piper leaves in the San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe
Rosario Huashuayo-Llamocca1,2 and Eckhard W. Heymann3 1Proyecto Mono Tocón, Jr. Reyes Guerra No. 430, Moyobamba, Peru
2Facultad de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad Nacional San Luis Gonzaga de Ica, Av. Los Maestros s/n, Ica, Peru
3Verhaltensökologie und Soziobiologie, Deutsches Primatenzentrum, Leibniz-Institut für Primatenforschung, Kellnerweg 4, 37077 Göttingen, Germany
Abstract. We report observations on fur-rubbing with leaves from Piper aduncum by a San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe. Fur-rubbing occurred during the transition from the dry to the rainy season in a titi monkey group living in a forest fragment in the Moyobamba region of Peru. Since Piper leaves include very potent compounds that may affect ectoparasites, we tentatively interpret the observed fur-rubbing as self-medication.

Citation: Huashuayo-Llamocca, R. and Heymann, E. W.: Fur-rubbing with Piper leaves in the San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe, Primate Biol., 4, 127-130, https://doi.org/10.5194/pb-4-127-2017, 2017.
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Short summary
We report observations fur-rubbing with leaves from the spiked pepper plant, Piper aduncum, in the San Martín titi monkey, Callicebus oenanthe. As leaf extracts from this plant include insecticidal compounds, we interpret this behaviour as a defense against ectoparasites. Our observations expand the number of primate species for which this kind of self-medication is reported.
We report observations fur-rubbing with leaves from the spiked pepper plant, Piper aduncum, in...
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